一、 The chemical machinery and equipment lubrication management and maintenance principles
The choice of lubricants, should adhere to the following principles: First, in order to reduce energy consumption, should ensure the safety of the equipment under the premise of the use of relatively low viscosity lubricant; Second, at low load and high speed operation, Should use a relatively low viscosity lubricant to lubricate parts, for heavy load and low speed operation, you should use a relatively high viscosity lubricant lubricate the parts; Third, for low temperature operating environment, you should use low temperature and the relatively low viscosity lubricant to lubricate the parts. For the high temperature operation environment, lubricants with relatively high viscosity should be used to lubricate
the parts. Fourthly, for parts that are reciprocating and subjected to impact load, should use the relative Larger viscosity lubricants for lubrication.
二、 The proposed of the new era of chemical machinery and equipment lubrication management and maintenance
Good day-to-day management
For chemical machinery and equipment, the daily management is to ensure that the regular operation of the key, so this part of the work should cause management and maintenance personnel attention, good day-to-day management. For the maintenance of chemical machinery and equipment, staff should be good day-to-day management, regular inspection tour, for the problems have been found and dealt with in a timely, and collaborate with the operator to achieve safety in production. Overhaul and maintenance of chemical machinery and equipment should be implemented shift system, so that responsibility for the accident will be further clear, to reduce the chances of accidents.
Do regular testing
Detectors should regularly check the lubrication of machinery and equipment in order to promptly identify the problems and make the corresponding treatment. At the same time, the state of lubrication records, and observe the situation of cleaning oil change, so that lubrication management has been continuously improved. During the application of machinery and equipment, should be in accordance with operating procedures and requirements, to avoid temperature, pressure, load, speed and other indicators of the exceeded. In addition, the tour inspection system strictly enforced, inspectors should wrench, stethoscope and rags and other tools should be from the visual, auditory, smell, touch and other aspects of lubrication and maintenance work done on mechanical equipment cleaning and fastening to ensure that machinery and equipment Operational safety and reliability. For machinery and equipment operation problems, require maintenance personnel proficiency, and make the right judgments and emergency treatment, and the formation of preventive measures. Mechanical equipment plans to run as the basis for the regular switching of machinery and equipment, and timely testing and maintenance, and can not ignore the antifreeze treatment and time crank, so that mechanical equipment are on standby, and record the operation.
Choose the right lubricant
First of all, the choice of lubricants should have higher performance. At this stage, with the progress and development of machinery and equipment, the volume is also gradually reduced, extended service life, operating efficiency has been further enhanced, so you can choose to add high-performance additives, lubricants, such as adding chlorine, sulfur lubricants, use Lubricants lubricate the parts, chemical adsorption film can be formed on the surface of the parts, so that the lubrication effect is significantly improved.
Second, the choice of multi-stage oil. In the early stages of mechanical equipment start-up, the use of multi-grade oil reduces wear compared to other lubricants while guaranteeing lubricity and high viscosity at high temperatures; low viscosity at low temperatures and energy savings, and more Grade oil can reduce the degree of environmental constraints, to avoid excessive temperature changes need to replace the oil.
Finally, the choice of solid lubricant. In the lubrication of machinery and equipment, the solid lubricant lubrication effect is good, which is the use of solid materials, such as solid powder, the mechanical gear to reduce friction, solid lubricants have significant advantages, not only has good adaptability, and the use of relatively long , In addition to pollution conditions and high temperature applications. The application of solid lubricant to lubricate machinery and equipment, no need to re-use other lubricants, usually in high temperature, low temperature, reciprocating motion, and low-speed heavy load lubrication conditions can not be lubricated.